In simple terms, high arch (or pes cavus) means the arch along the bottom of the foot is abnormally high. High arches are less common than flat feet, but this condition is a relatively harmless variation in foot type.
There is always a risk of the uneven weight distribution from high arches contributing to inflammation in the feet. If you are experiencing pain in your feet, consult a physician.
Causes of high arches
High arches generally run in the family. Most people with high arches simply developed them naturally.
It is important to be aware that the development of high arches may also be indicative of some kind of underlying neurological disorder. Neuromuscular diseases that affect muscle tone (including muscular dystrophy) can lead to the development of high arches.
High arches signs
There are several visible signs of high arches:
The arch will appear higher off the ground than normal.
The toes may curl under in a claw like fashion.
The heel of the foot may tilt forward.
There may be calluses and corns under the base of the toes from the pressure exerted on the forefoot.
People with high arches often have difficulty finding shoes that fit correctly. High arches can also contribute to stiffness and lack of mobility in the feet.
Treatment of high arches
Treatment for high arches will vary depending on the severity of the condition and whether it interferes with normal activities. Orthotic therapy is usually very effective for anyone with high arches. Corrective shoes can reduce pressure on the arch and relieve any pain or soreness. Proper fitting of all footwear is critical.
It is important to see a doctor if you are experiencing foot pain or arch pain. A physician can rule out any neurological disorders that could be contributing to the condition and help alleviate pain associated with this foot type.